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World leaders back just peace for Ukraine as Zelensky laments China’s absence from summit


“Russia and their leadership are not ready for a just peace,” Zelensky told the closing news conference.

World leaders pose for a family photo at the Swiss summit. Photo: Reuters

“Russia can start negotiations with us even tomorrow without waiting for anything – if they leave our legal territories.”

Zelensky called for Beijing, which refused to send a delegation to the summit due to Russia’s absence, to engage seriously with the developing peace proposals.

“I believe that China could help us. That is why I would very much like to see certain proposals that the Chinese side has,” Zelensky said.

“Ukraine has never said that China is our enemy,” he added.

Asked whether he would consider China a friend, Zelensky said: “I believe that friends are those who help when things are difficult. And I would like China to be a friend to Ukraine”.

China and Brazil have jointly sought to plot alternative routes toward peace. Brazil attended the summit only as an “observer”.

Moscow meanwhile doubled down on its demand for Kyiv’s effective surrender as a starting point for negotiations.

“Reaching peace requires the involvement of and dialogue between all parties,” said the summit’s final communique, backed by the vast majority of countries that attended the summit at the Burgenstock complex overlooking Lake Lucerne.

The document also reaffirmed a commitment to the “sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of all states, including Ukraine, within their internationally recognised borders”.

A plenary session at the Swiss summit. Photo: AFP

Any threat or use of nuclear weapons in the war was “inadmissible”, and food security “must not be weaponised”, it added.

The declaration also urged a full exchange of prisoners of war and the return to Ukraine of “all deported and unlawfully displaced children”, and other unlawfully detained Ukrainian civilians.

But not all attendees backed the joint communique. India, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were among those who did not appear on a list of states endorsing it.

While the declaration committed countries to taking “concrete steps … to further engagement of the representatives of all parties”, it was still not clear how Russia was to be brought into the process.

“The road ahead is long and challenging,” Swiss President Viola Amherd conceded.

Posting on X, formerly Twitter, Zelensky wrote: “It’s important that all Summit participants supported Ukraine’s territorial integrity because there will be no lasting peace without it”.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky at the Swiss summit venue. Photo: AFP

But the summit came as Ukraine, outmanned and outgunned, is struggling on the battlefield.

Zelensky said the current level of Western military aid being sent to his country was not enough to ensure Kyiv wins the war.

“There is aid. There are serious packages. Is it enough to win? No. Is it late? Yes,” he told reporters.

On Friday, Putin demanded Kyiv’s effective surrender as a basis for peace talks.

His call for Ukraine to withdraw its troops from the south and east of the country, which Russia claims to have annexed, was widely dismissed at the summit.

The Kremlin nonetheless on Sunday insisted that Ukraine should “reflect” on Putin’s demands, citing the military situation on the ground.

Russian servicemen march during the Victory Day military parade in Moscow, Russia, on May 9. Photo: AP

“The current dynamic of the situation at the front shows us clearly that it’s continuing to worsen for the Ukrainians,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said.

“It’s probable that a politician who puts the interests of his country above his own and those of his masters would reflect on such a proposal.”

Russia on Sunday claimed its troops had captured Zagrine village in southern Ukraine, continuing its progress on the front line.

The Burgenstock talks were framed around areas of common ground between Zelensky’s 10-point peace plan presented in late 2022, and a 2023 UN resolution on the war that passed with the support of 141 countries.

Switzerland set a tight remit to try to garner the broadest support by sticking firmly to topics covered by international law and the United Nations Charter – and from there, sketch out a framework towards a lasting peace.

The summit focused on Sunday on food security and freedom of navigation on the Black Sea; nuclear safety and security to curb the risk of a disaster; and humanitarian issues including the return of deported children or the welfare of POWs.

Standing beside Zelensky, Chilean President Gabriel Boric told the closing press conference that the summit was not about Nato, left or right political convictions, or North versus South debates.

“This is about respect of international law and human rights as foundational principles of our living together. And this is applicable in Ukraine, in Gaza and in every other conflict in the world,” he said.

Ghana’s President Nana Akufo-Addo stressed the war’s impact on food exports from Ukraine and how the conflict had sent inflation soaring, harming living standards in some of the world’s poorest countries.

“The consequences of the invasion go far beyond the confines of Europe,” he said. “Indeed in many ways, Africa has been the greatest victim.”

Akufo-Addo said a method should be found whereby Russia and China join in the talks process “if we’re ever going to arrive at a definitive settlement”.



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